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CHAPTER 5 :

The Home Studio Microphone Guide

Types of Mics:
- Condencer microphone
- Rybon microphone
- Dynamic microphones

Pickup Patterns
Mic Picks for the Home Studio

Pickup Patterns
A microphone’s pickup (or polar) pattern refers
to breadth of its area of concentration. In other
words, it refers to how sensitive the microphone
is to picking up a sound source relative to its central axis. Most mics have a fixed pattern, though some studio mics include a range of pickup pattern choices by way of a switch on the mic.

Omnidirectional
An omnidirectional pattern will pick up 360 degrees around its element. If you have one mic and you want to pick up everything going on in the room, like a choir or a circle of singers or strings, an omni mic setting is the one to use.

Bi-Directional
A bi-directional mic will pick up sound sources
equally from the front and back of the mic. A bidirectional mic has two elements, one is negatively charged and the other positive. Most ribbon microphones have a bi-directional pattern, which is useful if you have two sound sources you want to record, like a duet of singers or instruments.

Cardioid
Cardioid is a tighter pickup pattern, and gets its
name from the heart-shaped pattern seen in the
diagram. The most popular mic pickup pattern,
cardioid mics will pick up sound sources in a fairly wide range from the front of the mic, will taper out sorces not directly in front, and have almost no sensitivity to sounds coming directly from the rear of the mic. This helps reduce feedback and focuses on the sound source.

Hyper-Cardioid
Compared to a cardioid pattern, a hyper-cardioid microphone has a tighter area of front sensitivity plus a small area of rear sensitivity.

Super-Cardioid
A super-cardioid pattern is similar to a hypercardioid, with a slightly larger area of concentration in the front and a thinner area in the rear.

Unidirectional
A unidirectional pattern has extreme off-axis rejection, meaning it will only pick up sound sources that are directly in front of the microphone.

Shotgun
A shotgun mic is a unidirectional mic designed
to pick up things that are far away, with a high
degree of focus, so as not to pick up sources it
isn’t directly pointed at. They’re typically electret
condensers, and are often used for TV and
field recording, though they can be used to isolate instruments in a studio setting, like a bass drum or piano.

Pressure Zone Microphone (PZM)

PZMs have a very specific place, and are not
typically used in studio recordings. Most often,
a PZM is an omni-directional mic mounted to a
plate, so that the mic picks up all the reflections
of the sound in an awkward space (e.g. inside a
closed piano).



HOW TO MAKE HOME
RECORDING STUDIO

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

Acoustics & Your Home studio
Four Questions
Controlling the Acoustics
Room Arrangement
Early Reflection Points
50 Percent Rule
Bass Traps

CHAPTER 2

Getting Started
Focus on Your Instrument
Experiment
Keep it Simple
Get it Hot, Hot, Hot
Target Your Frequency
Gain Staging
Limit Compression & EQ When Recording
Avoid Phase Cancellation

CHAPTER 3

Recording tips from the Pros
Move Around the Room
Angle Your Amp
Play with Mic Placement & Angles
Get the Air Moving
Focus the Energy
Multiple Mics
Re-amping.




CHAPTER 4

How to record in your home studio
Acoustic Guitar
Electric Guitar
Bass Guitar
Piano
Brass & Reed Instruments
Vocals
Drum Kit

CHAPTER 5

The Home Studio Microphone Guide
Types of Mics
Pickup Patterns.
30 Mic Picks for the Home Studio

CHAPTER 6

Cables
Preamp
Monitors
Headphones

CHAPTER 7

Using Processors & Effects Compressor
Limiter
Noise Gate
EQ
Reverb
Delay

CHAPTER 8

The Mixing Process
Room & Monitors
Stereo Field
Volume Control
Tightening Up the Performance
Breadth
Busing
Ear Fatigue
Mastering



VOCAL TUNING AND PITCH CORRECTION
All singers know that usually vocal studio recording has pitch issues. However, vocal pitch correction will help fix flat or sharp notes and clean up your vocals.

Click here if you feel you have some problems with your vocal tracks

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HOW TO MAKE HOME RECORDING STUDIO